Vitamine B3 = nicotinic acid, niacine, vitamine PP
is a derivative of pyridine
- animal: chicken meat, beef, various fish - vegetable: yeast, peanuts
- is transformed in the body into nicotinamide (NAA) which is incorporated in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) intervening in essential stages of vital metabolism by acting as dehydrogenating agent. - lowers the concentration of cholesterol in the blood - slightly reduces the risk of myocardium - prevents progression of atherosclerosis
adult: 15 mg / d child 2-15 mg / d depending on age
- Pellagra: dermatosis with hyperpigmentation of the skin, diarrhea and dementia at an advanced stage.