The inductive effect directs the interaction between molecules and reagents
Where will attack the hydroxide ion?
The attack is on the C atom carrying the highest partial positive charge.
Which of the two doublets is available (for example to capture an H+ ion ) ?
The increase in electron density at C tends to repell the electron pair and make it available.
The inductive effect alters the distribution of electrons inside a molecule
Which of the two H atoms is more weakly retained by the electrons of the covalent bond (eg starting as an ion H +)?