The inductive effect: Importance

The inductive effect directs the interaction between molecules and reagents

Where will attack the hydroxide ion?


The attack is on the C atom carrying the highest partial positive charge.

Which of the two doublets is available (for example to capture an H+ ion ) ?


The increase in electron density at C tends to repell the electron pair and make it available.

The inductive effect alters the distribution of electrons inside a molecule

Which of the two H atoms is more weakly retained by the electrons of the covalent bond (eg starting as an ion H +)?