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The inductive effect: Importance

The inductive effect directs the interaction between molecules and reagents

Where will attack the hydroxide ion?

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The attack is on the C atom carrying the highest partial positive charge.


Which of the two doublets is available (for example to capture an H+ ion ) ?

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The increase in electron density at C tends to repell the electron pair and make it available.

The inductive effect alters the distribution of electrons inside a molecule

Which of the two H atoms is more weakly retained by the electrons of the covalent bond (eg starting as an ion H +)?

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