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Hydrogen chloride gas

Preparation

Hydrogen chloride gas may be prepared by addition of concentrated sulfuric acid (an oily, dense and corosive liquid) to sodium chloride (common salt). $H_2SO_4$ $+$ $NaCl$ $\longrightarrow$ $NaHSO_4$ $+$ $HCl$ The other product of this reaction is sodium hydrogensulfate, a white solid substance.

Physical properties

 

Hydrogen chloride gas is a colourless and fairly heavy gas with a pungent odour who condenses water vapour present in the air by dissolution and produces a kind of fog.