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Learn to calculate with elementary particles



symbole

 

- Number of protons = Z - Number of neutrons = A-Z - Number of electrons = Z-Q - Mass of the atom (in dalton) = A

 

1 atomic mass unit = 1 dalton = $1,66\cdot 10^{-27}$ kg

Examples: has 16 $p^+$ , 32-16 = 16 $n^0$, 16-(-2 ) = 18 $e^-$ and so its mass equals 32 dalton = $5,31\cdot 10^{-26}$ kg has 55 $p^+$ , 133-55 = 78 $n^0$, 55-(+1 ) = 54 $e^-$ and so its mass equals 133 dalton = $2,20\cdot 10^{-25}$ kg has 13 $p^+$ , 27-13 = 14 $n^0$, 13-0 = 13 $e^-$ and so its mass equals 27 dalton = $3,59\cdot 10^{-26}$ kg

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